The puffins (Fratelcula
arteca) are the most numerous species of seabirds
and since they can be easily watched by tourists, they
are also the most popular. This bird colony, which can
be found from Brittany Coast of France to Spitzbergen,
numbers on Runde unbelievable 100 000 puffins. These
colorful birds nest in caves or in holes in the grass.
Its female lay a single egg.
In many areas in the north, the puffins are considered
to be a delicacy and therefore are hunted on a big scale
with a long spear while nesting. If the female is caught
during brooding, another female comes to incubate the
egg; and even if this female is hunted, another one will
come immediately. It is always a young female that
cannot lay egg of her own yet that comes to fill in.
From time to time, the puffins flying in flocks around
the rock are caught in the air by a net similar to that
for fishing. A hunter can catch even 1000 puffins in
a single day.
Fortunately, this plundering does not take place on
The island is a nature reserve and during the breeding
season (from Apr 15 till Aug 31), it is forbidden to
leave the marked footpaths.